Monthly Archives: July 2012

S&P expects Venezuela oil output to jump in 2013

Credit rating agency Standard & Poors released its annual review of Venezuela state oil company PDVSA. Mostly it’s pretty uncontroversial. But they are remarkably optimistic about Venezuelan oil production in 2013.

During 2011, PDVSA’s crude oil production averaged 2.991 mbpd, up 1% from 2.975 mbpd in 2010… The company’s financial performance and main credit metrics were strong in 2011 with an EBITDA margin of 40%, mainly due to higher oil prices… Assuming our price deck for oil and gas at $80 for 2013, and production levels of about 3.4 mbpd, we believe that these ratios should remain within the current range.

So to get this straight, S&P is saying that PDVSA oil production will be 14% higher in 2013 than in 2011. That is an achievable goal, but an ambitious one. Continue reading

Lithium knowledge and a cleaner house — what a combo

Yes, you too can become knowledgable about the world lithium industry in just 13 minutes, and your house will end up cleaner as a result. Follow these simple instructions:

1. Put computer speaker near kitchen.
2. Click this link. (MP3)
3. Click play.
4. Wash dishes.

Continue reading

Colombia oil output stagnates a little more

Colombia’s Agencia Nacional de Hidrocarburos finally awoke from its summer slumber (apparently in response to my bitchy tweet) and posted June oil & gas output on its website. As anyone watching the grim news from Colombia might have guessed, it’s not going so well. (Click for full-size graphic.)

You’d almost think that the FARC has decided, aww, screw it — we’re never going to topple capitalism, but by George, we can keep Colombia below a million barrels a day! Output has now been basically flat for a year.

Update, now that this screen isn’t being used to watch The Wall — I mean, the opening ceremonies of the 2012 Olympics: here’s the year-over-year chart of oil output and gas sales. Click for full size. You’ll see that this month’s numbers show Colombia’s first year-on-year oil output decline since, well, since this spreadsheet started in 2007, anyway. A long frickin time.

Obviously the FARC are trying to fark up investments, especially in oil. It looks to me like they are pushing against a river.

PDVSA Pension Ponzi: LAHT offers best roundup yet

Here is a very good explanation of the current state of play, and the full background, of the Ponzi scheme that got about a half-billion dollars from the Venezuelan state oil company’s pension fund. It starts with a bunch about the recent activity around Moris Beracha’s Movilway company. But the main stuff of interest is lower down:

The Ponzi

Illarramendi’s whole Ponzi scheme unravelled in January 2011, when the SEC charged him with engaging in a multi-year Ponzi scheme involving hundreds of millions of dollars. On March 7, 2011, Illarramendi pleaded guilty to two counts of wire fraud, one count of securities fraud, one count of investment advisor fraud, and one count of conspiracy to obstruct justice, to obstruct an official proceeding and to defraud the SEC, for which he is still awaiting sentencing…

I realize these complex financial frauds aren’t for everyone, and this report is pretty technical. But what’s fascinating here is seeing how many people who never come near oil try to stick their fingers in the money stream that normally flows back up an oil pipeline.

Just how well does Venezuela get on with Chevron? Very.

A couple days ago, Raúl Gallegos published a decent little column about how Chevron is, if not betting on a Hugo Chávez reelection, at least setting itself up for a long, happy relationship with the Bolivarian Republic.

Chevron has no illusions about how Venezuela works. It first set up shop there in the 1920s, when strongmen showed heavier hands than Chavez. Scores of populist governments and two oil-industry nationalizations later Chevron is still pumping crude. And when PDVSA asked for a couple of billion to invest in Boscan, a jointly-run field Chevron first came across in the 1940s, the oil major obliged. The 13-year loan is costing PDVSA Libor plus 4.5 percent, far less than the 11 percent that its 2027 bonds pay.

I quibble with a bit of the column, but basically, he’s right. Chevron in Venezuela is now too big to nationalize.

I had thought Repsol fell into the same category. But maybe not. Check out this article from last night.

Venezuela President Hugo Chavez warned Repsol SA (REP) to “think carefully” about taking action against Argentina after it nationalized its YPF SA (YPFD) unit, indicating the Spanish company may face ramifications in Venezuela.

“They have a lot of investment here in Venezuela,” Chavez said on state television after holding a meeting with Argentine Planning Minister Julio De Vido in Caracas. “What happens there in Argentina affects what happens here.”

What jumps out here is that Chávez has never made any similar threats against Chevron over its $18 billion debt to ostensible ally Ecuador. If you haven’t followed that whole story, here’s an article, the plaintiff’s version and the company’s version, but long story short, Chevron was sued in the US for polluting Ecuador. It got the case moved to Ecuador, apparently thinking courts there would be friendlier. Courts there ruled against the company and ordered a huge amount of compensation. Chevron insists that the rulings were flawed by corruption, though I think it’s fair to ask, if they were worried about corruption, why did they get the case moved to Ecuador? The whole thing is a mess.

If Chávez were ideological, you’d think that the anti-Chevron campaigners would find open ears in Venezuela, and would even now be auctioning off the Boscan oilfield to pay the Ecuador debts. Instead, I don’t think Chávez has ever mentioned the case. And Chevron is piling in ever more billions of dollars.

Those of you who think politics has anything to do with ideas might be surprised by this. Please learn.

Arevenca chief stopped while trying to leave Aruba, BoletinExtra says

Francisco Javier González is president of fake oil company Arevenca and owner of failed airline Fly Aruba. Yesterday, González was stopped at the Queen Beatrix Airport in Aruba as he tried to go through customs to get on a general aviation plane, BoletinExtra reports.

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I am aware of at least three people who claim to have lost more than $100,000 to Arevenca, with a total loss of about $20 million. But as long as Arevenca took money from the rich, González was able to go from country to country without too much trouble. Most victims never come forward, for fear of being labeled as suckers. But when he recruited workers away from stable jobs and then failed to pay them — apparently, that is the kind of thing that gets you in trouble.

What the fuss is all about: Lithium in Chile

Lithium is getting a lot of attention in Chile these days. One thing most people don’t know is what the heck lithium is really like. Here are a couple pictures to explain.

An abandoned nitrate mine near Antofagasta. Possible source of lithium. Brown.

Refined lithium metal. Probably from the Salar de Atacama. White.

Also, the biggest use of lithium worldwide today is glass and ceramics. You may not have known that. And now you do. For no extra charge. Next week: how to pronounce “Верхоянск.”

Bare 1 oil spill shows why it’s hard to write about Venezuela (corrected)

My pal Joel at a “fosa,” or produced water disposal pond, in Anzoategui. Click for full size. We were shown this pond by a guy who lives about 200 meters away and grows taro and yuca — root vegetables — in that soil. And cooks with wood, because without a car, it’s very hard to get gas canisters out to his rural hut.

(Typo corrected in paragraph 5, thanks to reader TC.)

I wrote a little note about the Bare oil spill in Venezuela the other day.

Coverage of that spill was then denounced by PDVSA as being manipulated by professional trouble-makers.

Now, the alleged trouble-makers reply.

This whole situation is a great illustration of why reporting on Venezuela is both fun and ridiculous. How much ink needs to be spilled to get to the basic facts of a situation?

Along with Big Lies from both sides, lack of numeracy also makes it harder to cover things like this from a distance. El Tiempo says that the spill affects 500 meters — without saying if those are linear meters of something, or square meters. They also say it affects 20 hectares — which is 200,000 square meters, which would mean that the affected area is about 500 by 400 meters. There is a big difference between 500 square meters and 500 meters square. Anyway here’s the story from today, just because. You’ll soon see why I put that picture up top. Continue reading

PDVSA gets equal time — I may have been wrong about that spill

Since I really went off on PDVSA’s Anzoategui oil spill the other day, allow me to quote in large part PDVSA’s statement on the issue.

PDVSA accelerates cleanup work in Bare areas

San Tomé.- The Faja Petrolífera del Orinoco’s Ayacucho División explained to the press from southern Anzoátegui that it cleanup efforts are currently ongoing at the site where an environmental event took place 5 July — that is, in Area 2 of Bare 4 — despite ongoing protests brought about by a group of professional destabilizers who live in the La Peña community.

The 10-barrel spill, which resulted from the use of a hacksaw on the tubing, affecting a 500-square-meter area of the El Cardumen (Fish School) ranch in Simón Rodríguez municipality of Anzoátegui state. The situation was attacked by the industry with the activation of a contingency plan. However, because of constant road closures and blockades against heavy machinery by groups of people, the cleanup efforts have been delayed…

Molero said professional agitators are responsible for creating unease in the communities to move public opinion and create a prejudice in the press…

And according to El Tiempo, of Puerto La Cruz, also in Anzoategui state, there are now arrest warrants out for a couple landowners in the area for supposed sabotage.

“The producers are using undocumented people of doubtful provenance in the village of La Peña and El Tigre to damage the pipelines. They are some professional agitators and employment slot brokers who refuse to follow the rules of the PDVSA HR system (Sisdem)”.

Who knows. When I hear the Chavez government mention sabotage I immediately get suspicious. But they seem to have a coherent story this time. If I got played by an anti-government communication strategy that was based on someone intentionally dumping oil into the plains of Anzoategui, all I can say is sorry — last thing I want to do is reward that sort of behaviour. This is why everyone should rely more on the local press rather than some dude 4000 km away from the story.

Still: The environmental groups that give Venezuela a pass on spills should still wake up.